Amytal, which is also known as Amobarbital, is a sedative-hypnotic barbiturate. It functions as a central nervous system (CNS) depressant, and it stimulants neurotransmitters that relax muscles. Amytal causes drowsiness, and it has been used to treat sleep disorders, or for anesthesia in hospitals. Amytal is considered a Schedule II substance in the United States, which means it is illegal for anyone to use the drugs for personal use.
Medical professionals are allowed to administer the drug through injections. For this reason, it makes it illegal on the street. Amytal is known for its blue color, and it sometimes comes in the form of a white powder, which users can inject or snort.
Amytal is a potent and occasionally lethal substance that can cause an array of adverse symptoms. Those who use the drug report memory loss. Barbiturates were outlawed mainly due to their addictive properties, but the drug is especially dangerous because it can cause an overdose in small doses.
Those who become addicted to Amyal can experience life-threatening withdrawal symptoms. If you have become addicted and fear about withdrawal symptoms, you must immediately check into detox to save yourself from potentially fatal outcomes.
Once Amytal dependence has set in, many users find it difficult to stop using it, and that can be detrimental to their health and well-being. Should they decide to quit the drug suddenly, they may notice changes in how they feel, think, and act, and that their bodies may not function the same.
When this happens, it’s likely that they have entered into withdrawal, and this period can be dark and dangerous without the medical attention required to get through it safely. Symptoms range in severity, but common symptoms that usually occur during this period include:
Extreme symptoms of Amytal withdrawal include:
If you or someone you know is having withdrawal symptoms, you may be wondering how long this period lasts. Amytal withdrawal symptoms vary from person to person, as individuals are different. Many factors must be taken into consideration.
Withdrawal symptoms usually happen in stages. Here’s what Amytal withdrawal timeline can look like based on users’ withdrawal experiences. For specifics, consult your physician about your situation.
Within 24 hours of the last dose, users may feel increasingly anxious, and their blood pressure may spike. They also may have body or muscle aches, nausea, or a headache. The severity of the symptoms experienced will depend on several factors such as how large the dose was and long the drug has been used.
At this stage, symptoms usually build in intensity before peaking within the first two to four days. Heavy or frequent Amytal users may experience dangerous withdrawal symptoms such as tremors, seizures, and psychosis, which are better managed in the care of medical professionals who can monitor the individual. Challenging withdrawal symptoms may require medication to make them more manageable.
Now that some time has passed, most of the physical withdrawal symptoms will lessen in severity between the fifth and eighth days. However, some symptoms may stick around for a full week or two. Many recovering Amytal users report that all physical withdrawal symptoms have subsided at this stage. Psychological symptoms may linger on for several months up to a year, depending on various factors. Cravings, anxiety, or depression may also continue.
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Amytal users who want to safely end their dependence of addiction to Amytal will want to consider undergoing medical detox that ensures that they come off the drug slowly and safely. Quitting any drug cold turkey, or abruptly, is dangerous to the body and could be a fatal mistake. Once the body has gotten used to a drug being in its system, abruptly discontinuing that drug can send the system into shock, causing life-threatening symptoms such as hypothermia, seizures, and psychosis.
Detox allows the body to slowly adjust to the drug’s absence and helps stabilize the user as they sober up. This process, which can last up to a week or longer if needed, is monitored by a team of physicians and addiction care specialists who understand withdrawal and how to best treat it. Substance users who enter into detox will be assessed to determine the state of their health and how far along their addiction is.
Medical detox involves more weaning off the drug. Recovering users will complete medical exams that include drug screenings. Extra tests such as a complete blood count, known as a CBC, a chest X-ray, and electrocardiogram (ECG), among other exams may be completed at this time.
After all health and wellness assessments are done, your physician will determine which treatment setting is more appropriate for you or your loved one. If exams determine a mental health disorder is present, placement in a facility that provides treatment for dual diagnosis may be recommended. Dually diagnosed people have a better chance of recovery if both their substance use disorder and mental health disorder are addressed at the same time.
Detox is just the beginning of the road to recovery. You have to heal your mind as well as your body to recover from substance abuse. Treatment is designed to allow you the time you need to recover as well as lead you to an understanding of your addiction and the reasons behind it. A continuum of care covers the entire journey of recovering from substance use disorders. Not everyone will need to go through the entire continuum, but the more steps one completes, the better their chances are of having an effective treatment.
Based on the results of your assessment and your unique situation, you may be placed in an inpatient or residential setting, partial hospitalization, or outpatient care. Many people enter either a residential program or an outpatient program.
Residential treatment programs can run from 28 to 90 days or longer if needed. Clients in this setting have 24/7 access to medical staff and supervision as they live on-site at the treatment facility full-time. This is the best setting for people who need minimal distractions as they focus on their recovery in a structured environment. They will gain insight and tools through therapies and various activities and learn how to healthily cope with stress, triggers, and the possibility of relapse, which commonly happens in recovery from addiction.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, addiction relapse rates are from 40 to 60 percent, which is similar to those of other chronic illnesses such as diabetes, hypertension, and asthma. That’s because addiction is a disease, and its chronic nature means it likely will need to be a lifelong effort to manage it. Fortunately, addiction is treatable, and relapse is preventable with the right guidance and environment.
Partial hospitalization programs (PHPs) serve as a middle ground between inpatient/residential and outpatient programs. This setting is best for people who are ready to move on from inpatient treatment but need more time to adjust to post-addiction life before they can live on their own. PHPs offer a moderately structured setting that provides more flexibility. Clients do not have 24-hour access to medical care and are responsible for taking their own medications and meeting their weekly commitments for therapy.
Outpatient programs offer the most flexibility and appeal to many because of its affordability. It is recommended for people who have mild substance use disorders, as well as those who feel on the verge of relapse or perhaps need more support to stay committed to their recovery goals.
Outpatient allows clients to set their own treatment schedule, which is especially important for people who have obligations that they cannot step away from, such as a job, childcare, or school. This setting offers the same kinds of therapies one would find in an on-site residential program.
Outpatient requires clients to meet a certain number of hours of therapy weekly, but unlike the other two settings mentioned, clients are solely responsible for keeping their environment free of temptations and any other outside influences that would jeopardize their recovery.
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Amytal Sodium: Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage & Uses. (2017, June). Retrieved from https://www.rxlist.com/amytal-sodium-drug.htm
(March 2018). Barbiturate intoxication and overdose. Medline Plus. Retrieved from https://medlineplus.gov
(March 2017). Barbiturate intoxication and overdose. Global Information Network About Drugs. Retrieved March 2018 from http://www.ginad.org
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Stoltze, Frank. (2016, May). “California Considers Making Its Own Lethal Drugs for the Death Penalty.” Retrieved from https://www.scpr.org/news/2016/05/17/60667/california-considers-making-its-own-lethal-drugs-f/