If you went to a party with 140 other guests, you’d think a lot of people were there, right? Well, 140 people a day are dying from the ongoing opioid crisis, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The estimated cost of lost productivity due to opioid misuse ranges from $4.5 billion to $431.7 billion annually, according to this report.
Over the past several years, an unprecedented rise in overdose deaths has occurred throughout the country, and there are few signs of it slowing down.
In fact, President Trump recently signed a bipartisan measure that confronts the opioid crisis. The legislation reportedly adds treatment options, and it will implement better security measures in the U.S. Postal Service.
Oxycodone is the active ingredient in drugs like OxyContin and Percocet, and it’s had its share of blame throughout this crisis. In the late 1990s, pharmaceutical representatives made claims that opioids were safe, which led to the overprescribing of these drugs in record numbers. OxyContin was released in 1996, and it only added fuel to this fire. While the full impact wasn’t felt until many years later, the increasing number of deaths it caused eventually started making headlines.
By 2010, there was such a problem with OxyContin that it had to be reformulated to deter users from smoking or snorting it. Then Purdue Pharma, the distributor of OxyContin, changed the pills from powder-based to gel, which made it impossible to crush them up.
Oxycodone has been called “hillbilly heroin.” It’s a synthetic opioid with a high potential for abuse. For some, the narcotic can offer real medical value, but you have to be extremely careful when using this kind of drug.
Oxycodone hydrochloride belongs to a group of medicines called opioid analgesics, which are used to treat moderate to severe pain. It belongs in a class of drugs called depressants, which also include alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines (or benzos). Similar to other opioids, oxycodone works by blocking the pain messaging that travels to the user’s brain.
Oxycodone has common side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, constipation, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, itching, and sweating. When overused and abused, it can cause addiction, dependence, withdrawal, and overdose.
Addiction is usually difficult to pinpoint in the early stages, but there are always signs if you know what to look for. If you’re worried that you or your loved one is abusing oxycodone, understanding these signs can help you start looking for treatment before it gets too out of control.
The first sign of a substance use disorder is tolerance. The longer you use a narcotic-like oxycodone, the more your brain will adapt to the foreign substance. The dose you began taking may seem weaker over time, so it won’t provide the same effect as before, which could cause you to increase the dosage.
When you keep using the drug despite a growing tolerance to it, you could develop a chemical dependency. While this dependence is strongly linked to addiction, it’s not exactly the same. It’s caused when the brain starts relying on the drug to maintain normalcy, and you could feel uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms if you either stop or cut back. These symptoms can include flu-like symptoms, excessive yawning, sweating, nausea, and diarrhea.
Addiction is the final stage of a substance use disorder, and it’s defined as the compulsive use of a drug, despite serious consequences. It can include health problems, arrests, trouble at work, or relationship problems.
Addiction treatment is a continuum of care that addresses substance use disorders by treating the root of the addiction. This all-encompassing model takes care of all needs, causes, and complications related to addiction. Addiction is not a single-solution model. It requires a customized approach to ensure each need is adequately met. It must treat more than just substance abuse. In order to be effective, it must also address medical, psychological, social, legal, and financial needs.
Generally, oxycodone withdrawal isn’t dangerous, but it’s extremely uncomfortable. It’s often referred to as the worst flu users have ever experienced, which is why addiction specialists recommend medical detoxification as the first step on your path to sobriety. Furthermore, detox allows for a more comfortable and dignifying transition into sobriety, and it will significantly help you if you’re suffering from other pressing medical needs, such as disease or injury.
The next step in the continuum of care can vary from user to user. It all depends on the history of the user and the severity of the addiction. It can include residential treatment, partial hospitalization, and intensive outpatient services. In all stages of treatment, you’ll attend therapy sessions that dig to the root of the addiction. Some therapies can include individual, group, family, and cognitive-behavioral therapies, which help motivate the client, identify triggers, and create a relapse prevention plan.
While oxycodone isn’t as dangerous as drugs like fentanyl, it’s still very powerful. In the 2000s, 75 percent of individuals entering treatment for heroin abuse started out abusing prescription opioids.
Oxycodone has the potential to be extremely dangerous when used in conjunction with benzodiazepines and other drugs. High doses can result in a fatal overdose.
Is your loved one struggling with oxycodone abuse or addiction? Are you? If so, it’s important for you to treat it with the seriousness it requires and get help before it’s too late.
American Journal of Managed Care. (2019, July 30) Opioid Misuse, Labor Market Outcomes, and Means-Tested Public Expenditures: A Conceptual Framework. Background. Segel, J.,PhD; Shi, Y., PhD. Moran,J., PhD; canlon, D. PhD, Retrieved from https://www.ajmc.com/journals/supplement/2019/deaths-dollars-diverted-resources-opioid-epidemic/opioid-misuse-labor-market-outcomes-meanstested-public-expenditures-conceptual-framework
Modern Healthcare. (n.d.). Trump Signs Bipartisan Measure to Confront Opioid Crisis. from https://www.modernhealthcare.com/article/20181024/NEWS/181029960
Alcohol and Drug Foundation. (n.d.). Drug Facts: Oxycodone. from https://adf.org.au/drug-facts/oxycodone/
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (n.d.). Prescription Opioid Use Is a Risk Factor for Heroin Use. from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/relationship-between-prescription-drug-heroin-abuse/prescription-opioid-use-risk-factor-heroin-use